After nearly going extinct 100 years ago, the European bison now occurs in more than 40 freeranging wild herds in 10 European countries with a total of 6,800 wild animals. “The return of wild European bison from the brink of extinction has been possible only through strong alliances and panEuropean cooperation; and with over 90% of all wild European bison now occuring in Poland, Ukraine, Belarus and Russia, the outbreak of open war in Ukraine will likely require new approaches to collaborative conservation across the species historic range, said Dr. Glenn Plumb, Chair of the IUCN SSC Bison Specialist Group.

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